Association between Cesarean delivery and psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children

Takeaway

  • Compared with vaginal delivery, Cesarean delivery (CD) was associated with a higher risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in children. However, the associations were reduced in full cousins and paternal half siblings and were not significant in maternal half siblings and full siblings.

Why this matters

    Although CD has been suggested as a risk factor for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in children, the mechanisms underlying these associations are poorly understood.