Contrast dispersion pattern and outcomes in patients with cervical radiculopathy


  • Contrast dispersion pattern during fluoroscopically guided cervical transforaminal epidural steroid injection (CTFESI) did not predict short-term outcomes in patients with cervical radiculopathy but larger studies in broader patient populations and with longer-term outcomes are needed.

Why this matters

  • CTFESI is frequently used for the treatment of cervical radicular pain.

  • Several studies focused on the safety of the fluoroscopically guided CTFESI have found that appropriate needle placement and the use of live fluoroscopy or digital subtraction imaging are necessary for safe performance of this procedure.

  • However, according to the authors, there are currently no published studies that have evaluated the relationship between contrast dispersion patterns and outcomes after fluoroscopically guided CTFESI.

  • This is the first study to describe associations between contrast dispersion patterns during fluoroscopically guided CTFESI for the treatment of cervical radicular pain and short-term treatment outcomes.

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